Tuesday, May 1, 2012



This chapter is devoted to those people named in various records whose name is spelled in such a way as to make one think they are HYTENs or HITENs when in fact they are not.
There are two names that constantly came up in my research that caused much confusion, HEIGHTON and HYDEN. The first is both a common misspelling of HYTEN in the early years and fully separate family. The latter is a fully separate family whose members often had their name spelled HYTEN or HITEN in records. As I have previously noted, in a couple cases that error remained permanent.


 Don Heighton[1] of Texas has done extensive research on the HEIGHTON family tracing its roots back to England in the 1500s. In his direct line Thomas Heighton (1793-  ) immigrated to America in 1828, well after HYTENs were established here.

When I was visiting my son Mark in Pensacola, Florida, at Christmas time, 1986, I found Jim Heighton in the phone book.  Much to my surprise and delight he told me that his father had been born in Mattoon, Illinois.  I "knew" that I had found the heirs of one of Thomas Otho Hyten’s missing sons, Thomas A. or William M.
Jim and his father were both named Raymond James Heighton.  The elder went by Ray; the younger by JimJim  said that his father had been put in a foster home when he was 5 or 6 and had run off from there when he was 11 or 12.  He had joined the Army at age 16.  He married Lillie Mae Neil  (1942-1974) in San Bernardino, CA.  Jim had been born on Jan. 4, 1953 while his dad was stationed at Pensacola NAS, FL.  He was the fourth of six children.  Wayne Edward was born in 1943; Marilyn Jean Hyten-DeForest  (1947); Neil Eugene (1949); Richard Dale (1956); and Robert Dean (1958).  Ray retired to California and died in 1976. 
In the Coles County, IL, records I found Ray 's birth record. He was born Dec. 22, 1924, the fourth child of E.S.Heighton, a 41 year old carpenter who had been born in Iowa, and Irma Devore, a 23 year old born in Illinois.  Ray was born at 733 C St., Charleston, IL.  The death records show Edward S. Heighton dying on June 7, 1932, and buried in Dodge Grove Cemetery in Mattoon.  Ray would have been seven at the time thus pretty well corresponding to the time he supposedly went into a foster home.  Index 2 (?) lists Edith Heighton, dependent, 11684; Marjorie Heighton, dependent, 11685; and Marjorie Heighton, adopted, 11726.  I suppose that these were other children of Edward who were left as orphans when he died.
Naturally I was a bit disappointed to find that Jim was really a HEIGHTON and not a HYTEN.

A couple of other census records contain HEIGHTONs who Don Heighton tells me are in fact HEIGHTONs:
The 1860 Iowa census of Marshall County lists a J.A. Heighton, age 32, (Who is actually John Henry Heighton, (1825- ) born in England, and his wife, G.A. (Sarah Ann Cleaver-Heighton) (1840-1902) age 20, born in Ohio.  There is no other reference to them so I cannot connect them to Ray' s father Edward who had been born in Iowa.
Another HEIGHTON that I chased down was also born in England.  The 1850 Indiana census of LaPorte County lists William Heighton (William G. Heighton) (1815-1877) age 32, and his wife, Rebecca, (Rebecca B. Cleaver-Heighton) (1824-1902), age 26, born in Pennsylvania, and their six children.  At first I thought this William might be the same William Hyten who heads that big unconnected branch of HYTENs out of Hamilton County, Illinois because his name was spelled Heighton in his wife Virginia Cox's family Bible.


Gene Hyden[2]  is a genealogist’s genealogist. His dedication and tenacity are unbelievable. He provided me with a great deal of HYTEN information which he had accululated during his quest of HYDENs. According to Gene Hyden the following are actually HYDENs:

The index of the 1860 census of Jasper County, Illinois, lists Wm. Riley Hiten  (18), Mary E. Hiten  (17), and James F. Hiten all living with an Amanda Campbell who was Amanda Meese, before she married Richard Hyden (born in IN).
Looking at the actual census sheet, Gene says the listing also includes Henry Messe (33), maybe her brother, also a David, maybe Meese, and Henry, Mary, and James.
William Riley Hyden (born 12-8-1840) married Frances “Fanny” Smith (born 7-1845) in Dec. 1864, in Jasper County, IL. They both died in Springfield, Greene County, MO.
  My review of the Jasper County marriage index found on page 115 Mary E. Hiden marrying Samuel A. Boyd on Jan. 10,1861 and on page 266 William R. Hiden marrying Fanny Smith on Dec. 10, 1864. 
The 1830 census lists Richard Hyton  in Pulaski County. He is actually a HYDEN as is James Hiten in the 1840 Pulaski Co., KY records. 1850 lists Wm. Hyton in Floyd County who is also a HYDEN.


The Hyten-Hydens of Arkansas

Among the HYDEN census records you will note several references to William Hyten of Horsehead Township, Johnson County, Arkansas.  Gene Hyden, the keeper of the HYDEN family records, sent me a history of that family.
William Taylor Hyden  was born in Virginia on Feb, 15, 1818, of unidentified parents.  Family legend says they were "killed in the war" and that William was half Cherokee.  He was raised by a Wilson family who brought him to Arkansas from Kentucky prior to Feb., 1844.  At that time he is listed as a member and deacon of the Harmony, Arkansas, Presbyterian Church. 
Around 1850 the many records of his activities in the area begin frequently spelling his name Hyten and HytonWilliam Taylor seems to have been quite successful as he conducted many land transactions.  He has noted at various times as a doctor, a judge, a postmaster, and a church elder. 
He had nine children between 1844 and 1864.  His only son to survive, Lewis Napoleon "Bud" Hyden, died in Grant, AK, in 1924.  The descendants of William and Lewis  had a Hyden family reunion in October of 1986 in Clarksville, AK.
The 1885 Polk Gazette Directory lists under the section Physicians and Surgeons, Wm. T. Hyten in Harmony, AR, and W.T. Hyten and L.H. Hyten  in Hunt, AR.  Both were very small towns in Johnson County.  Harmony had 200 residents and Hunt had 45 and both had a cotton gin.  L.H. Hyten could have been William 's son Lewie (Lewis Napolean Hiten) who would have been about 30 by then.
When William 's wife, Lucy May Hardgrove, died in 1888, he went to the Indian territory to be a doctor.  At the age of 75 he married an Indian woman there.
The 1896 Dawes Commission index of native Americans lists W.T. Hyten and L.U. Hyten with the ‘Choctaw Tribe”. I would guess this to be Wiliam Taylor and his son Lewis Napolean. 
This occurred at about the same time as Alfred G. Hyden was a marshal in the same Choctaw Nation area.  Alfred’s son Samuel Gwinn Hyten grew up in Montgomery County, AR, some 70-80 miles south of Johnson County. Their story is told in Chapter 9. Samuel, who shows up in records first as a Hyden and then as a HYTEN, is not closely related to William Taylor but probably is in some way.
 William Taylor returned to Arkansas to die in 1897.  Both his tombstone in Liberty Hill Cemetery and that of his wife in the Stanley Cemetery spell their name Hyden.
The only other mention in Johnson County records was in the marriage records where I found R.N. Hyten , (who is actually Lewis Napolean) age 21, marrying Nancy Dake, age 18, on 11-25-1875, and Dailey Hyden, age 21,  marrying Mary Ann Stewart, age 21,  on 10-21-1900.   Since Arkansas did not maintain birth and death records prior to 1914, I was not able to find any more information on them.
William Taylor had a daughter, Margaret Bowen (1844-1885), who married Robert Frank Laster (1829/38- ) on Nov. 22, 1860, in Johnson Co., AR, and they had three children, Laura A. Laster was born a month before they married (10-9-1860) and Roberta Laura Anna (died Nov. 8, 1861. The similar names would indicate that both died quite young. The last, Nancy Frankie Laster (1864-1935) was born in Harmony, Johnson County, AR, and died in Checotah, McIntosh County, OK, which is just twenty miles from Briartown, OK, and the OKLAHOMA HITENs.
About the same time, also in Johnson Co., AR, Daisy Hyten married E.T. Goowin on Dec. 20, 1894.
Despite being sure that William Taylor is a Hyden , Gene Hyden notes that a 1938 letter written by J.B.F. Laster  regarding the family says “Daily and Taylor live at Ozark, Arkansas and Ire Hyten lives at Coal Hill, AR. They spell their name Hyden.” Things like this can sure confuse a person.
It’s also interesting to note the history of the OKLAHOMA HITENs that also begins in Illinois. It pauses in Stone County, Arkansas on the way to the Indian Territory, OK in 1900. Stone County is just east of Johnson County. Also note that an OKLAHOMA HITEN married a Stewart as did an ARKANSAS HYTEN / HYDEN.
Also a John Alfre Hyden relative of Samuel Gwinn Hyten’s HYDEN  ancestors moved in his old age from Texas to Stone County where he died. This would seem to link the ARKANSAS HYTEN / HYDEN’s to the TEXAS HYDEN / HYTENs.
With people working on these two families from three different points of view maybe some day they will be joined or at least clarified.


At the risk of sounding racist there are four HYTEN/HITENs that I assume aren’t HYTEN/HITENs because they are identified as black in the records that list them. In the 1910 census of Morgan Co., AL, there is a 75 year old black woman named Phylis Hiton. 1910 Cumberland Co., PA, lists Henry Hiten, who is black with a white wife, Evelyn P. Mullins. 1910 Louisa Co., VA, lists a black woman, Ella Hiten. World War I draft records list Augie Hyten (b. 3-8-1895) registering in Perry Co., MS. I realize that these people could have been descendants of slaves owned by HYTEN/HITENs but tracking that would be nearly impossible.
The 1920 census lists at least four black (colored) Hitens: Jack (72) and Anner (15) in Georgia; Stanley E. (21) in Camp Furlong, New Mexico: and Curtis (12) in TN.  There were three Hytens: Long (35) in FL; Eugene (34) in KS; and Alfred (46) in SC.

[1] Don Heighton, 8024 Arlie Lane, North Richland Hills, TX, 76180.
[2] Gene Hyden, P.O.Box 6575, New Orleans, LA, 70174.

No comments:

Post a Comment